NoBu.gs™ - Insect Repellent Clothing

Dengue Fever

Most of the people will think of Malaria when it comes to diseases caused by mosquito bites. But, in the recent years, Dengue fever has also gained prominence in the tropical regions.

Dengue Fever
Most of the people will think of Malaria when it comes to diseases caused by mosquito bites. But, in the recent years, Dengue fever has also gained prominence in the tropical regions. Dengue Fever Dengue fever is caused and spread by Aedes mosquitoes. In the last few years, many outbreaks of Dengue Fever have been reported across regions. The mosquitoes breed in clean stagnant water both inside and outside homes. Only the female mosquito is responsible for biting human beings and spreading Dengue Fever. It bites during the daytime. If the female mosquito bites a person who is infected with Dengue, it gets infected too and it infects the people it bites now. India saw a doubling of Dengue cases from 2014 to 2015. Capital Delhi was the worst hit city with more than 1,800 reported cases of Dengue fever. Lack of awareness amongst the masses led to the disease spreading very fast and taking its toll. Prevention Simple steps for protection from Dengue fever can be summarized as under: • Protect yourself from mosquito bites by wearing full-sleeve shirt and full length trousers. • Prevent breeding of mosquitoes in standing water present in old drums, flower pots, empty containers and old tires etc. Even fresh water should not be allowed to remain stored in open containers for long periods of time. • Regular spraying of insecticides by the concerned agencies. Symptoms Symptoms of Dengue fever often appear 3 to 15 days after the infected mosquito has bitten. Fever for 3 to 7 days is generally accompanied by severe headache and pain behind the eyes. Other symptoms of Dengue fever include pain in the muscles and joints, loss of appetite, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes and mild bleeding from gums and nose. Children under the age of 10 years tend to develop Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF) which may cause abdominal pain, bleeding and circulatory collapse or shock. Dengue fever can also cause a sudden and alarming fall in platelet count, lung complications and renal or liver failure. Treatment Being a viral disease, Dengue fever does not have any specific treatment and it cannot also be treated by giving antibiotics to the patient. Medicines are generally given to treat the symptoms. Antipyretic drugs like Paracetamol for treating fever and analgesics to provide relief in muscular and joint pains are given. The patient is advised to increase his intake of fluids substantially to prevent dehydration. Hospitalization is advised in severe cases. Immediate medical attention in case of suspected Dengue fever is of prime importance.
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